Oleg Germanovich Artemyev is a Russian test Cosmonaut, born on December 28, 1970 in Riga, Latvian SSR.
Artemyev attended Secondary School No 211, Leninsk in the Kazakh SSR until 1986 before starting at Tallin Polytechnical School. He graduated from ploytechnical school in 1990 with a specialty in Electrical Equipment for Industrial Enterprises and Plants. In 1998, he graduated from N.E.Bauman MSTS with a degree in Low Temperature Technology and Physics.
In 1998 Oleg Artemyev started working at RSC Energia developing testing procedures for EVA equipment in neutral buoyancy at the hydrodynamics laboratory to qualify hardware for space flight. Also, Artemyev was part of the pre-launch processing team of the Russian Zvezda Service Module working on the EVA and teleoperation control system. Part of his duties was EVA training with cosmonauts, the planning and execution of spacewalks at the Russian Mission Control Center. He also participated in emergency training for Soyuz water landings.
In 2000, Artemyev received medical clearance to begin special training related to space flight operation. Oleg Artemyev was selected as Cosmonaut Candidate in May 2003 and he began two years of basic training at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in June.
He passed his training with excellent grades and received the qualification of a Cosmonaut Researcher.
In the following years, Artemyev continued operations within the Russian Space Sector and also entered Soyuz and ISS specific training. In 2006, he and Mike Barrat and Sandy Magnus completed survival training as part of Soyuz training procedures. Together with Yuri Lonchakov and Oleg Skripochka, Artemyev completed emergency water training in the Ukraine in June 2006 followed by another session of survival training in January 2007 with Charles Simony and Sergei Revin.
In November 2007, Oleg Artemyev was part of the first Stage of the Mars-500 experiment. Mars 500 was a psychosocial isolation experiment completed between 2007 and 2011 by Russia, the European Space Agency and China. The experiment facility located at IMBP, Moscow, was used to isolate a crew of six volunteers to study the psychosocial aspects of an interplanetary space flight. The mock-up facility included a simulated Earth-Mars shuttle spacecraft, the ascent-descent craft, and the Martian surface. The first crew lived aboard the complex for 15 days to test the technical systems and equipment aboard to prepare for longer experiments. Stage 2 was 105-days in duration as a precursor to the 520-day isolation experiment that followed.
In 2008, Artemyev was part of a testing campaign of the Orlan-MK space suit before participating in a 14-day technical experiment related to the Mars-500 project leading up the the 105-day Stage 2 experiment that ran from March to July 2009 in which Artemyev was isolated with an international crew of six.
In 2010 and 2011, Oleg Artemyev worked at the Baikonur Cosmodrome as part of the Soyuz Processing Team. He was the descent module operator for the Soyuz TMA-01M mission in 2010 which was the first flight of the TMA-M series of spacecraft that are equipped with new flight control systems and computer equipment. He also processed the Soyuz TMA-21 spacecraft that launched in 2011.
In 2012, Oleg Artemyev became a Test Cosmonaut and was assigned to the ISS Expedition 39/40 mission serving as Flight Engineer. He will also be the Soyuz TMA-12M flight engineer.